金属材料选用表
 
流 体
材 料
碳钢
铸铁
302或304不锈钢
316不锈钢
青铜
蒙乃尔合金
哈氏合金B
哈氏合金C
不锈钢#20
钴一铬合金#
416不锈钢
440C锈钢
17-4OPH不锈钢
乙醛
醋酸(无气的)
醋酸(充气的)
醋酸蒸气
丙酮
A
C
C
C
A
A
C
C
C
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
B
A
B
A
A
B
A
B
A
LL
A
A
LL
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
LL
A
A
A
A
LL
A
A
A
A
A
C
C
C
A
A
C
C
C
A
A
B
B
B
A

乙炔
乙醇
硫酸铝

氯化铵

A
A
C
A
C
A
A
C
A
C

A
A
A
A
B

A
A
A
A
B
LL
A
B
C
B
A
A
B
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
LL
A
A
A
A
A
A
LL
A
B
A
A
C
A
C
A
A
C
A
C
A
A
LL
LL
LL
硝酸铵
磷酸铵(一价的)
硫酸铵
亚硫酸铵
苯胺
A
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

C
B
B
C
C

C
B
A
C
B
A
A
A
LL
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
C
B
C
B
C
B
B
C
B
C
LL
LL
LL
LL
LL
沥青
啤酒

苯甲酸
硼酸

A
B
A
C
C

A
B
A
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

A
B
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
LL
A

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
LL
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
LL
A
A
B
A
A
B
A
B
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
LL

丁烷
氯化钙(碱的)
次氯酸钙
石碳酸
二氧化碳(干的)

A
B
C
B
A

A
B
C
B
A
A
C
B
A
A
A
B
B
A
A
A
C
B
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
LL
A
A
A
A
A
LL
LL
A
A
A
C
C
LL
A
A
C
C
LL
A
A
LL
LL
LL
A
二氧化碳(湿的)
二硫化碳
四氯化碳
碳酸
氯,气体(干的)
C
A
B
C
A
C
A
B
C
A
A
A
B
B
B

A
A
B
B
B

A
C
A
B
B
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
LL
C
A
A
LL
LL
B
A
B
C
A
C
A
B
A
A
C
A
LL
LL
A
C
氯,气体(湿的)
液氯
铬酸
柠檬酸
焦炉气
C
C
C
LL
A
C
C
C
C
A
C
C
C
B
A
C
C
B
A
A
C
B
C
A
B
C
C
A
B
B
C
C
C
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
C
B
C
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
B
B
B
LL
A
C
C
C
B
A
C
C
C
B
A

C
C
C
B
A

硫酸铜
棉子油
杂酚油
乙烷
乙醚
C
A
A
A
B
C
A
A
A
B

B
A
A
A
A

B
A
A
A
A

B
A
A
A
A

C
A
A
A
A
LL
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
LL
A
A
LL
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

氯乙烷
乙烯
乙二醇
氯化铁
甲醛

C
A
A
C
B
C
A
A
C
B
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
LL
C
A
A
A
LL
B
A
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
LL
A
A

A
A
A
B
A

B
A
A
C
A
B
A
A
C
A
LL
A
A
LL
A
甲酸
氟里昂(湿的)
氟里昂(干的)
糖醛
汽油(精制的)
LL
B
B
A
A
C
B
B
A
A
B
B
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
C
LL
LL
B
A
C
LL
LL
B
A
B
LL
LL
LL
A
葡萄糖
盐酸(充气的)
盐酸(无气的)
氢氟酸(充气的)
氢氟酸(无气的)
A
C
C
B
A
A
C
C
C
C
A
C
C
C
C
A
C
C
B
B
A
C
C
C
C
A
C
C
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
A
A
A
C
C
B
B

A
C
C
C
C

A
B
B
B
LL
A
C
C
C
C
A
C
C
C
C
A
C
C
C
LL

过氧化氢
硫化氢(液体)
氢氧化镁
A
LL
C
A
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
C
C
B
C
A
A
C
A
B
A
B
A
A
A

A
B
A
A
A

A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
LL
A
A
A
A
B
C
A
A
A
B
C
A
A
A
LL
LL
LL
B
甲醇
甲乙酮
牛奶
天然气
硝酸

A
A
C
A
C

A
A
C
A
C

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
LL
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
C
A
A
C
A
C
B
A
C
A
C
A
A
C
A
B
油酸
草酸

石油(精制的)
磷酸(充气的)
C
C
A
A
C
C
C
A
A
C
A
B
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
B
B
A
A
C
A
B
A
A
C

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
B
A
B
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
C
B
B
A
A
C
LL
LL
A
A
LL
磷酸(无气的)
磷酸蒸气
苦味酸
氯化钾
氢氧化钾
C
C
C
B
B
C
C
C
B
B
A
B
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
C
C
C
B
B
B
C
C
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
LL
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
LL
A
A

A
C
LL
LL
LL

C
C
B
C
B
C
C
B
C
B

LL
LL
LL
LL
LL

丙烷
松香
硝酸银
醋酸钠
碳酸钠
A
B
C
A
A
A
B
C
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
LL
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
B
A
B
A
A
B
A
B
A
A
LL
A
A
氯化钠
铬酸钠
氢氧化钠
次氯酸钠
硫代硫酸钠
C
A
A
C
C
C
A
A
C
C
B
A
A
C
A
B
A
A
C
A
A
A
C
B-C
C
A
A
A
B-C
C
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
B
A

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
LL
LL
B
A
B
C
B
B
A
B
C
B
B
A
A
LL
LL
氯代亚锡
硬脂酸
硫酸盐溶液(黑的)

二氧化硫(干的)
B
A
A
A
A
B
C
A
A
A
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
C
B
C
C
A

B
B
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
LL
B
A
A
A
C
B
LL
A
B
C
B
LL
A
B
LL
LL
LL
A
LL
三氧化碳(干的)
硫酸(充气的)
硫酸(无气的)
亚硫酸
焦油
A
C
C
C
A
A
C
C
C
A
A
C
C
B
A
A
C
C
B
A
A
C
B
B
A
A
C
B
C
A

B
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
A
A
A
B
B
B
A

B
C
C
C
A

B
C
C
C
A
LL
C
C
LL
A
三氯乙烯
松节油

水(锅炉给水)
水(蒸馏的)
B
B
C
B
A
B
B
C
C
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
LL
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
C
B
B
B
A
C
A
B
LL
A
A
A
LL
海水
威十忌酒和葡萄酒
氯化锌
硫酸锌

B
C
C
C

B
C
C
C
B
A
C
A
B
A
C
B
A
A
C
B
A
B
C
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
C
C
C
B
C
C
C
B
A
LL
LL
LL
 
符号:A—能够或正被成功地应用
      B—应用过程应注意
      C—不能应用
      LL—缺乏资料
 
    本表是用来大致指出与某种流体接触而发生反应时,应如何选择适当的材料。表中的推荐不是绝对的,因为材料的耐腐蚀性与流体的浓度、温度、压力和杂质等因素有关。因此,必须强调本表只能作为一个导则。
    材料中-英文对照表
蒙乃尔合金—Monel
哈氏合金B(C)—Hastelloy“B”、(“C”)
不锈钢#20—Durimet20
钴—铬合金#—Alloy 6(Co-Cr)